History of the U.N.
The earliest plan for a UN-type organization, one with a goal to preserve human rights and justice, came in 1939 under President Franklin Delano Roosevelt and the State Department. In a joint declaration signed by 26 governments, and then followed by 21 more, the United Nations was officially born.
The Allied Big Four–the US, UK, Soviet Union and China– founded the UN after months of planning, along with 50 governments and other non-governmental agencies during a meeting in San Francisco between April and June of 1945. On October 24, 1945, the UN officially came into existence after its charter was ratified by the five permanent members of the Security Council: France, the Republic of China, the Soviet Union, the UK and the US, and 46 signatories.
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